[ INFO] [1370531242.800201916]: Number devices connected: 1
[ INFO] [1370531242.800284555]: 1. device on bus 003:07 is a PrimeSense Device (601) from PrimeSense (1d27) with serial id ''
[ INFO] [1370531242.801449470]: Searching for device with index = 1
[ INFO] [1370531242.902652607]: No matching device found.... waiting for devices. Reason: openni_wrapper::OpenNIDevice::OpenNIDevice(xn::Context&, const xn::NodeInfo&, const xn::NodeInfo&, const xn::NodeInfo&, const xn::NodeInfo&) @ /tmp/buildd/ros-groovy-openni-camera-1.8.8-0precise-20130418-2203/src/openni_device.cpp @ 61 : creating depth generator failed. Reason: USB interface is not supported!
Thankfully I found this thread that deals with exactly the problem I was running into: being able to run the Asus Xtion Pro Live, but not the PrimeSense Carmine 1.09 short range sensor.
The answer provides a link to access updated OpenNI drivers that will allow you to access the data for this sensor (choose the OpenNI-Compliant Sensor Driver v22.214.171.124 for your OS). With these drivers installed I have been able to successfully run the Carmine without any other real issues.
Did this work for you? Let me know!